News 11 Oct. 2023
Curtis Team Instrumental in Shareholder Approval of a New Multilateral Treaty to Transform Pan-African Housing Finance Institution Shelter Afrique into a Development Bank
Event 23 Aug. 2023
Partner Borzu Sabahi Speaks at the 52nd IDRI Professional Accreditation & Membership Programme
Event 18 Aug. 2023
Partner Borzu Sabahi Speaks at FDI Moot Shenzhen
News 25 Jul. 2023
Partner Eric Gilioli Ranked in Top 10 Influential Energy & Natural Resources Lawyers in Kazakhstan in Business Today
Article 22 Aug. 2023
Fuad Zarbiyev Publishes Article in Journal of International Economic Law
Client Alert 14 Aug. 2023
The EU’s Market in Crypto Assets (MiCA) Regulation: The Highlights
Event 22 Aug. 2023
Partner Dr. Claudia Frutos-Peterson to Speak at Arbitration and ADR Commission of the ICC Mexico
Event 11 Jul. 2023
Partner Elisa Botero Speaks on the Role of the ICC in Investment Disputes
News 15 Aug. 2023
Legal Reader Publishes Article on Dr. Majed Alotaibi’s Arrival as Senior Counsel in Curtis’ Riyadh Office
News 31 Jul. 2023
Curtis Welcomes Senior Saudi Advisor, Dr. Majed Alotaibi, to its Riyadh Office
News 24 Aug. 2023
Curtis Attorneys Quoted in CoinDesk on FTX Founder Sam Bankman-Fried’s Strategy Ahead of His Criminal Trial
News 06 Mar. 2023
Russia Sanctions at the First Anniversary: An Overview of Current Sanctions in the US, UK, and EU and How Global Companies Can Navigate Evolving and Conflicting Sanctions Regimes
Client Alert 30 Aug. 2022
The EU Adopts the “Maintenance and Alignment” Sanctions Package
Client Alert 24 Jun. 2021
Update on Virtual Notarization (Executive Order 202.7) During the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Pandemic (Updated: June 24, 2021) — U.S. Insight
Update on Virtual Witnessing (New York Executive Order 202.14) During The COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Pandemic (Updated: June 24, 2021) — U.S. Insight
Publications February 2009
American Company Formation in Oman
The recent implementation of the US-Oman Free Trade Agreement (FTA) is great news for American companies wishing to do business in Oman. Oman's Ministry of Commerce and Industry (MOCI) recently issued Ministerial Decision 102/08 stating that American companies now will be allowed to open branches in Oman before entering into a contract with the government or a government entity.
This is a significant development for American companies, as branch offices of foreign companies were permitted previously only for companies that had contracts with the government. Even in cases where branch offices were permitted, the foreign company's activities were restricted to servicing the government contract. Similarly, the Oman branch could remain open only for the duration of the government contract.
Under the FTA and the recent Ministerial Decision, American companies are permitted to form branches in Oman without an existing government contract, and may engage in business with both the public and private sectors. Similarly, American companies wishing to tender for government contracts will have the option of opening a branch in Oman before the contract is awarded.
The MOCI has stated also that American companies now may form wholly American-owned limited liability companies (LLCs). Subject to the terms of the FTA, American companies will be accorded the same treatment as Omani companies in LLC formation. On a procedural level, this means that American companies will only need RO 20,000 (approx. US$52,000) of capital to form the LLC and no Omani ownership will be required.
American companies can now do business in Oman with relatively few barriers to entry. The FTA has provided an unprecedented level of openness and access to the Omani market for American companies and they will enjoy distinct advantages in navigating Oman's legal and procedural framework.
Similarly, the recent Ministerial Decision and other statements by the MOCI make it clear that Oman is serious about implementing the FTA and allowing Omanis and Americans to enjoy fully the benefits it is meant to provide.
To hear more about the FTA, please join us on March 1, 2009, at 9:00 AM (Omani time) for a discussion of the FT A implementation, in partnership with the Muscat American Business Council at the Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry (OCCI) Exhibition Hall. For more details, please contact Githa Nair at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Focus on: Secondment of Employees
Foreign companies doing business with local partners in Oman or that own shares in local companies may consider "seconding" an employee to the local company. There are a number of factors that the local and foreign companies should consider when arranging to second an employee.
First, the Oman Labour Law issued by Royal Decree 35/03 (as amended) does not recognise the concept of secondment. However, it is a fairly common practice that is effected through a private agreement between the employee, foreign company, and the local company. Through the years, certain principles have evolved which do not have the force of law but are followed by many companies in respect of secondment. Some of them include:
Doing Business in Oman: Electronic Transactions
Companies doing business in Oman that wish to conduct electronic transactions can take advantage of the legal framework provided in the Electronic Transactions Law (Royal Decree 69/08). The Electronic Transactions Law sets a uniform standard for e-commerce transactions and makes it easier for companies to conduct business electronically. For example, the law provides the following benefits:
The law aims to:
Companies wishing to engage in electronic transactions can rely on the comprehensive legal framework provided by the Electronic Transactions Law, which has now been in effect for more than six months.
Doing Business in Oman: Frequently Asked Questions
Q: In the current economic climate, some companies are having difficulty fulfilling their contractual obligations. Can a company that defaults on its obligations use the global economic crisis as a basis for declaring force majeure?
A: The answer depends on the language of the applicable contract and the jurisdiction, but in general the economic crisis is not considered an appropriate basis for declaring force majeure. Unless the agreement between the parties explicitly states otherwise, Omani courts are unlikely to excuse a company from performing its obligations based on a force majeure declaration due to the economic meltdown.
New Law Alert: Corporate Taxation
It has been reported that the government will issue a new corporate tax law in the next month. The new law is expected to amend the existing tax law, as provided in Royal Decree 47/81. The new law is expected to clarify existing tax issues and issue new rules on areas of taxation not covered by the existing law. For example, the new law is expected to set forth rules for thinly capitalized companies (a company is said to be thinly capitalized when its capital includes a greater proportion of debt than equity). In addition, the new law will broaden the applicability of withholding tax rules, which relate to amounts withheld by companies from payees in order to pay tax authorities. Lastly, the new rules will include a clarification of transfer pricing rules, or the rules that govern the prices companies charge for assets transferred between separate divisions/subsidiaries of the same company.
Focus on: Teaming Agreement
A company submitting a bid for a technical project may need to subcontract parts of the project to another company having expertise in a given area. A teaming agreement can be an essential part of the tender process, enabling both the primary company and the subcontracting company to clarify their rights and responsibilities in submitting the tender. The teaming agreement may cover topics such as timing of the tender submission, allocation of responsibilities if the bid is awarded, exclusivity, and price terms.
Focus on: Curtis Oman Blog!
Curtis Oman would like to announce officially the launch of the Curtis Oman Legal Blog on February 10, 2009.
The blog features commentary and analysis on Omani and international legal developments by local and international lawyers. Curtis bloggers analyze Omani legal developments in real time and help readers understand the impact on business issues in Oman. The blog can be accessed at https://omanlawblog.curtis.com/ and will be updated regularly.
Bruce B. Palmer