Event 21 Sep. 2022
Kalidou Gadio Speaks at AIEN 2022 International Energy Summit
News 09 Sep. 2022
France’s Cour de Cassation Confirms Set Aside of EUR 452 Million Award Previously Issued Against Libya
Client Alert 20 Sep. 2022
Unexpected Events from Covid to Supply Chain Disruption: Implications for US Contract, Securities and Antitrust Law
Client Alert 29 Jun. 2022
Discovery, Jurisdiction and Service: Changes in U.S. Law and Implications for Japanese Companies
News 28 Sep. 2022
Simon Batifort Quoted by GAR on Proposed Regulations of Third-Party Funding in Europe
Client Alert 27 Sep. 2022
UNCITRAL Working Group III: An Update on Certain Key Issues in ISDS Reform
News 23 Sep. 2022
Curtis Recognized by Latin Lawyer 250 (2023)
Event 22 Sep. 2022
Dori Yoldi Speaks to AbogadasMX on Practicing Law Abroad
News 27 Sep. 2022
Curtis Boosts Riyadh Office with New Corporate Partner Stuart Davies
News 16 Aug. 2022
Curtis Delivers More Firsts for the Government of Oman in its Defense Against U.S. Trade Measures
News 30 Sep. 2022
Jason Wright Wins Small Company Turnaround/Transaction Award at TMA Annual Conference
News 21 Sep. 2022
U.S. Department of State Presents Fulbright Specialist Award to Charles Howland for Project in Uzbekistan
Client Alert 30 Aug. 2022
The EU Adopts the “Maintenance and Alignment” Sanctions Package
Client Alert 20 Jul. 2022
The EU Undertakes Fundamental Reform of the Legal Basis for Sanctions Enforcement
Client Alert 24 Jun. 2021
Update on Virtual Notarization (Executive Order 202.7) During the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Pandemic (Updated: June 24, 2021) — U.S. Insight
Update on Virtual Witnessing (New York Executive Order 202.14) During The COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Pandemic (Updated: June 24, 2021) — U.S. Insight
Publications May 2009
On May 4, 2009, the Obama Administration released a summary of its tax change proposals. On May 11, 2009, the Treasury Department issued the General Explanations of the Administration's Fiscal Year 2010 Revenue Proposals (the 'Green Book') to provide details of the Administration's tax change proposals. The proposed changes summarized below, if enacted, would have adverse impacts on certain investment funds or their managers. These proposals generally would be effective after December 31, 2010.
Substitute Dividend Payments in Equity Swaps. Investment funds often enter into equity swaps. These swaps usually provide substitute dividend payments to the funds. Under current law, while dividends paid to a foreign person by a domestic corporation generally are subject to a 30% withholding tax, dividend substitute payments to a foreign person on equity swaps are generally treated as foreign source income not subject to the withholding tax. Concerns of withholding avoidance have been raised for certain transactions, for example, where an offshore hedge fund sells stock before dividend payment but also enters into an equity swap and buys back the stock after the dividend payment. Senator Carl Levin recently proposed legislation to impose withholding tax on dividend substitute payments. The Obama Administration adopts a similar proposal, with a limited exception applicable if the equity swap does not require posting more than 20% of the value of the underlying stock as collateral, the underlying stock is publicly traded, no sale or buy-back takes place in connection with the swap transaction, and certain other requirements are met.
Substitute Payments in Securities Lending Transactions. Under the Treasury regulations and guidance issued in 1997, substitute interest and dividend payments in a securities lending transaction or sale-repurchase transaction with respect to an instrument of a domestic issuer can be subject to withholding tax under certain circumstances. Concerns of withholding avoidance have been raised regarding situations where, for example, an offshore hedge fund lends the stock of a domestic corporation to a foreign financial institution in the same country which then sells the stock to, and enters into a total return swap with, a related U.S. person. The Green Book indicates that the Treasury Department will issue new guidance that would prevent avoidance of withholding tax through the use of securities lending transactions.
Carried Interest. Under current law, service partners may be taxed at the capital gain rates, rather than the ordinary income tax rates, on their shares of partnership income and gain allocated to them pursuant to their carried interests in the partnership. This tax treatment has attracted extensive attention and publicity, and several bills have been introduced in recent years to change this result. The Obama Administration proposal would require a service partner to pay tax at ordinary income tax rates as well as self- employment tax on his share of partnership income and gain attributable to his carried interest. In addition, any gain recognized on the sale of the carried interest would also generally be taxed as ordinary income.
The Obama Administration's proposals described in the Green Book are far-reaching. It is difficult to predict what measures would eventually be enacted as proposed by the Administration.
To ensure compliance with requirements imposed by the IRS, we inform you that, unless explicitly provided otherwise, any U.S. federal tax advice contained in this communication (including any attachments) is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, for the purpose of (i) avoiding penalties under the Internal Revenue Code or (ii) promoting, marketing or recommending to another party any transaction or matter addressed herein.
Marco A. Blanco