News 24 Jun. 2021
Curtis successfully defends foreign states' procedural privileges in the UK Supreme Court
News 23 Jun. 2021
Ibrahim Elsadig joins Curtis as Partner in Dubai
Client Alert 24 Feb. 2022
EU, UK, Japan and Australia Impose Sanctions on Russia
News 09 Aug. 2021
Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle enters into association with Chevalier Law in Singapore.
News 06 May. 2022
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Publications 05 May. 2022
Marie-Claire Argac, Simon Batifort, and Cyprien Mathié share highlights from “Affaires d’Etats: Practical Considerations When Defending States in International Arbitration” on Kluwer Arbitration Blog
Event 26 Apr. 2022
Claudia Frutos-Peterson Speaks at CAI Costa Rica’s 13th Congress of International Arbitration
News 21 Apr. 2022
SCOTUS Upholds U.S. Colonialism under the U.S. Constitution
Client Alert 23 Mar. 2022
The Dubai International Arbitration Centre (DIAC) has launched the DIAC Arbitration Rules 2022
Event 22 Nov. 2021
Partner Antonia Birt spoke at ADGMAC and AIAC Webinar Series: Webinar 5 - Disputes in Fintech and Complex Technology in MESEA
News 19 May. 2022
Eliot Lauer’s and Juan Perla’s Tenth Circuit Arguments Featured on Audio Arguendo Podcast
News 16 May. 2022
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Client Alert 21 Apr. 2022
New Laws Targeting Assets of Russian Oligarchs: The U.S. Announces Task Force KleptoCapture and the Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards Program
Client Alert 19 Apr. 2022
U.S. President Biden Expands Export Controls Imposed on Russia and Belarus
Client Alert 24 Jun. 2021
Update on Virtual Notarization (Executive Order 202.7) During the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Pandemic (Updated: June 24, 2021) — U.S. Insight
Update on Virtual Witnessing (New York Executive Order 202.14) During The COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Pandemic (Updated: June 24, 2021) — U.S. Insight
In international trade, the rules of origin are the criteria used by national governments and international trade agreements and treaties to determine the national origin of a product or good. The WTO Agreement on Rules of Origin arising out of the Uruguay round of WTO negotiations was an attempt to harmonize the rules of origin for different countries.
Rules of origin are important because many trade rules, regulations, and laws, provide differential treatment (known as preferential rules of origin) to goods and products based on where they originate from. For example, under the NAFTA rules of origin, certain goods were granted duty-free or reduced tariff treatment.
Different countries determine country of origin rules in different ways. In the United States, for example, Customs and Border Protection will use a number of different rules to determine country of origin, including the “wholly produced” rule, the “de minimis” rule, and the “substantial transformation” rule. Other countries will apply other rules, and many trade agreements provide standards and procedures for determining country of origin.
Free trade areas develop rules of origin in order to differentiate between products made and produced within the free trade region and those without. This way, trading partners of one member of a free trade agreement can’t indirectly make use of the free trade agreement by passing their products through one country and into another.
Origin criterion refers to a condition a product or good must meet before it will be considered to originate from a particular country for the purposes of international trade. For example, one of the origin criteria for the former North American Free Trade Agreement was that it be wholly obtained or produced in a NAFTA member country.
Generally speaking, yes. Tariffs are often applied based on the country of origin test. This is particularly true when a country is a member of a free trade agreement and must differentiate between products produced by a country that is a member of the agreement and a country that is not. Country of origin rules can become complex, however, and many disputes have arisen about how to classify certain goods.