Event 21 Sep. 2022
Kalidou Gadio Speaks at AIEN 2022 International Energy Summit
News 09 Sep. 2022
France’s Cour de Cassation Confirms Set Aside of EUR 452 Million Award Previously Issued Against Libya
Client Alert 20 Sep. 2022
Unexpected Events from Covid to Supply Chain Disruption: Implications for US Contract, Securities and Antitrust Law
Client Alert 29 Jun. 2022
Discovery, Jurisdiction and Service: Changes in U.S. Law and Implications for Japanese Companies
News 26 Sep. 2022
Curtis Italy Wins International Arbitration - Energy Award at Legal Community Litigation Awards 2022
Article 21 Sep. 2022
E-Commerce Laws in Europe Shape the Future of Fashion
News 23 Sep. 2022
Curtis Recognized by Latin Lawyer 250 (2023)
Event 22 Sep. 2022
Dori Yoldi Speaks to AbogadasMX on Practicing Law Abroad
News 16 Aug. 2022
Curtis Delivers More Firsts for the Government of Oman in its Defense Against U.S. Trade Measures
Event 14 Jun. 2022
Antonia Birt to Speak on Importance of Going Paperless in Arbitration Proceedings at Upcoming Webinar
News 21 Sep. 2022
U.S. Department of State Presents Fulbright Specialist Award to Charles Howland for Project in Uzbekistan
Event 20 Sep. 2022
Susan Maples and Andrew Larkin Speak at the Biennial Conference of ASIL’s International Economic Law Interest Group
Client Alert 30 Aug. 2022
The EU Adopts the “Maintenance and Alignment” Sanctions Package
Client Alert 20 Jul. 2022
The EU Undertakes Fundamental Reform of the Legal Basis for Sanctions Enforcement
Client Alert 24 Jun. 2021
Update on Virtual Notarization (Executive Order 202.7) During the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Pandemic (Updated: June 24, 2021) — U.S. Insight
Update on Virtual Witnessing (New York Executive Order 202.14) During The COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Pandemic (Updated: June 24, 2021) — U.S. Insight
The Trade Expansion Act of 1962 provided the President of the United States of America with new authority to cut (or impose) international trade tariffs. The ability to cut tariffs was only applicable for five years, while most of the rest of the legislation became a permanent feature of United States international trade policy. The Act would come into sharp international focus when President Trump relied on Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 to impose tariffs on steel and aluminum.
A Section 232 tariff refers to any tariff imposed pursuant to Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962. The section permits the President of the United States, upon a recommendation from the Secretary of Commerce, to impose a tariff on any goods being imported in quantities or circumstances that threaten or impair national security.
Both Canada and Mexico are exempt from the current round of Section 232 tariffs on steel and aluminum. These nations are both members of the newly negotiated USMCA (United States, Mexico, and Canada Agreement), a free trade agreement formerly known as NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement).
Sections 301 through 310 of the Trade Act of 1974 are commonly referred to as “Section 301.” These sections permit an American president to impose or increase tariffs where a foreign country, in the opinion of the United States Trade Representative, engages in acts, policies, or practices that violate a trade agreement or burden or restrict US commerce.
Section 301 works by the United States Trade Representative beginning a “301 investigation.” The USTR has 12 to 18 months to seek a negotiated resolution with the nation allegedly engaging in practices that contravene Section 301. At the end of that period, retaliatory measures, like the imposition of tariffs, may be undertaken. In cases where a trade agreement is involved, the US must use the trade dispute mechanism found in the agreement.
A Section 301 action is any action under Sections 301 to 310 of the Trade Act of 1974 by the United States Trade Representative to address or retaliate against any act, policy, or practice of a foreign country that violates a trade agreement or burdens or restricts US commerce.
A Section 301 probe is another phrase for a Section 301 investigation. A Section 301 investigation is the first phase required for the eventual imposition of a Section 301 tariff. It occurs under the authority of sections 301 to 310 of the Trade Act of 1974 and is designed to uncover acts, practices, or policies that violate trade agreements or burden or restrict US commerce.
ITC Injury Proceedings
WTO and International Trade Dispute Settlement
Trade Remedy Practice